How would smart homes of the future be? Research in the following spheres will give a peek into the way of living of an individual in a smart home.
Doing Away with Intrusive Cameras
U.S. researchers with an Indian origin one included in their group are developing a technology wherein the smart homes will sync with your activity minus the need for intrusive cameras. Such a technology entails automatic sensing of human presence in the room with the help of hidden sensors placed on the floors or walls. This will eliminate the need for telling somebody to put off the fans or lights while exiting from the room as the job would be done by the sensors.
Superior, Subtle Detection of Presence
The subtleness of this technology that is worked upon for the smart homes of the future is such that human and animal presence in a building will be detected through sounds, vibrations, typical walking style or any other associated actions. Besides, deviations in the prevailing electrical field of the surrounding area will be indicated.
Soumyajit Mandal, Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at Case Western Reserve University in Ohio, USA, explained the working of this technology. A continuous electrical field amounting to 60 Hz surrounds all of us and as humans are endowed with the property of being conducive to some extent, the electrical field can get slightly short. The human or animal presence or their breath can be ascertained by computing the disruption in that field in spite of an absence of any sound related vibrations.
Internet of Ears
Your exact movements will be tracked by the machine algorithms of the new system. Working on the same principles of human ears, vibrations picked up by the technology will be used to decipher the actions of humans residing within a building. Ming-Chun Huang, Assistant Professor in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at Case Western Reserve University in Ohio, USA stated that efforts were directed to construct a building that would perform the function of listening to its occupants. They termed their system as the ‘Internet of Ears’.
Fields of Specialization
Huang is directing the research efforts with regard to individual gait and tracking their motion while Mandal is involved in research with regard to sensing of vibrations and computing disruption in the prevailing electrical field generated because of human or animal presence.
The research details were published by both the researchers at the New Delhi held IEEE Sensors Conference in October. The early months of 2019 will see their results published in detail in the journal, IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement as per a statement released by Case Western Reserve University.
The technology was tried on campus in the Electrical Department’s Conference rooms as well as in Smart Living Lab located at Ohio Living Breckenridge Village.
Resolving Privacy Concerns
Mandal revealed that four sensors, small in size fitted on the walls and in floors of the room were enough to do their job efficiently. Resolving privacy concerns he stated that identification of individuals was not possible and further calibration was needed for recognizing the varied gaits of individuals.
Use of the Technology into Smart Homes of the Future
Two major benefits would accrue from the system which would take effect only ten years down the line. First was an efficient use of the building’s energy and second was monitoring the safety and reliability of the building’s structure, a crucial factor during tornados and earthquakes.