While novel coronavirus (n-COVID19) has equal potentials to penetrate and spread irrespective of gender and age, many have a notion that women trying to conceive (naturally or through ART) are slightly at an increased risk of infection pertaining to their lower immunity.
While it is imperative to say that IVF procedure requires special care and attention during the process and once after conception, pregnancy is just as precautious as normal conception. And hence there is no need to panic for those conceived through IVF, motherhood is the most precious gift for such women.
Attributing to this, a majority of the couples who were planning to undergo IVF treatment have postponed their consultations while others have delayed their dates of embryo transfer until the pandemic situation comes back to normalcy.
“There have not been any guidelines issued regarding the restrictions on any type of ongoing fertility treatments, but is currently a voluntary choice. However, in order to prevent exposure of the mother and fetus to infections, as multiple visits and special care is required. The current ongoing COVID 19 pandemic has changed the way for everyone and gynecologists are managing antenatal care during pregnancy through online video consultations in order to limit the exposure to the outside world, at the same time it is essential to follow the safety and preventive measures until delivery.” Said Dr. Rekha Brar, Gynaecologist and IVF Expert, Indira IVF Hospital, New Delhi.
Attributing to hormonal changes, pregnancy itself takes a toll on the woman’s mental health, causing stress anxiety, depression, anger, mood swings, and during this phase it is quite important to take care of health. Women undergoing IVF treatment or pregnant need to stay positive and there needs to be a balance maintained for emotional well-being.
While it is known that it is not at all safe to step outside even for basic and routine exercises, walking, etc, pregnant women should take care of their health at home. There may be various other questions puzzling every one of those who have recently conceived, but taking care of the following precautions will definitely benefit the complete course of pregnancy even after the pandemic is over.
IVF is an ART comprising of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation followed by retrieval of eggs from the ovaries, fertilization with sperms in the laboratory, and subsequent transfer of the so-formed embryos inside the uterus. The embryos are cultured in the laboratory from 3-5 days. The treatment is now highly refined with the application of ICSI (Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection), Blastocyst culture, Laser Assisted Hatching, TESE (testicular sperm extraction) to name a few.
“IVF is useful not just in blocked fallopian tubes, but also in women with poor or diminished ovarian reserves, PCOS, POF, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, adenomyosis, abnormal semen parameters, in couples married for long with primary or secondary infertility, unexplained infertility and in couples with failure of non-ART cycles. Counseling plays a major role in such cases to prevent the blame game among couples. Counseling the partners that the cause could center around from male- to female- partner, to both, or to even none, and making them realize that understanding and supporting each other could bring about a great deal of strength in progressing with the treatment, helps.” Added Dr. Rekha.